Dopamine D3 receptor partial agonist LS-3-134 attenuates cocaine-motivated behaviors

Gregory L. Powell, John Paul Bonadonna, Annika Vannan, Kuiying Xu, Robert H. Mach, Robert R. Luedtke, Janet Neisewander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Aims: The dopamine D3 receptor (D3R) is a pharmacotherapeutic target for drug dependence. We have successfully imaged human D3Rs using radiolabeled LS-3-134, an arylamide phenylpiperazine with moderate selectivity for the D3R over D2R and low efficacy at the D2 and D3R. In this study, we screened for effects of LS-3-134 as a potential anti-cocaine therapeutic. Methods: Male rats were pretreated with LS-3-134 (0, 1.0, 3.2, or 5.6 mg/kg, IP) 15 min prior to tests for its effects on spontaneous and cocaine-induced locomotion. We next investigated the effects of LS-3-134 (0, 1.0, 3.2, 5.6, or 10.0 mg/kg, IP) on operant responding on a multiple variable-interval (VI) 60-second schedule with alternating cocaine (0.375 mg/kg, IV) and sucrose (45 mg) reinforcer components. Additionally, we tested LS-3-134 (5.6 mg/kg, IP) effects on a progressive ratio (PR) schedule of cocaine reinforcement, on extinction of cocaine-seeking behavior, and on reinstatement of extinguished cocaine-seeking behavior by cocaine-associated light/tone cues. Results: LS-3-134 did not alter spontaneous locomotion, but reduced cocaine-induced locomotion, break points on the high-effort progressive ratio schedule of reinforcement, and responding during extinction and cue reinstatement. In contrast, LS-3-134 did not alter cocaine or sucrose reinforcement on the low-effort multiple VI 60-second schedule. Conclusions: The effects of LS-3-134 are similar to other dopamine D3 low efficacy partial agonists and antagonists in attenuating cocaine intake under high effort schedules of reinforcement and in attenuating cocaine-seeking behavior elicited by cocaine-associated cues. These findings are consistent with the anti-craving profile of other dopamine D3 drugs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-129
Number of pages7
JournalPharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior
StatePublished - Dec 2018


  • Cocaine-seeking behavior
  • Extinction
  • Phenylpiperazine
  • Progressive ratio
  • Reinforcement (psychology)
  • Reinstatement
  • Substance use disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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