Discontinuous change in multilevel hierarchical systems

J. Barkley Rosser, Carl Folke, Folke Günther, Heikki Isomaki, Charles Perrings, Tönu Puu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


We examine sources and dynamics of discontinuous changes in discrete multi‐level hierarchical ecological‐economic systems. We hypothesize the anagenetic moment, the creation of a new level of hierarchy, as arising from variable entrainment at some level. Bottom‐up as well as top‐down dynamics are studied and competing theories of the sources of such discontinuities are reviewed. Implications for the analysis of complex ecological‐economic systems are considered depending on whether they are characterized by single hierarchy, bi‐hierarchy, or matrix hierarchy relationships.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-93
Number of pages17
JournalSystems Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Business, Management and Accounting


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