Direct versus indirect optical recombination in Ge films grown on Si substrates

G. Grzybowski, R. Roucka, J. Mathews, L. Jiang, R. T. Beeler, John Kouvetakis, Jose Menendez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations


The optical emission spectra from Ge films on Si are markedly different from their bulk Ge counterparts. Whereas bulk Ge emission is dominated by the material's indirect gap, the photoluminescence signal from Ge films is mainly associated with its direct band gap. Using a new class of Ge-on-Si films grown by a recently introduced chemical vapor deposition approach, we study the direct and indirect photoluminescence from intrinsic and doped samples and we conclude that the origin of the discrepancy is the lack of self-absorption in thin Ge films combined with a deviation from quasi-equilibrium conditions in the conduction band of undoped films. The latter is confirmed by a simple model suggesting that the deviation from quasi-equilibrium is caused by the much shorter recombination lifetime in the films relative to bulk Ge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number205307
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number20
StatePublished - Nov 11 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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