Development of ZnO-InP heterojunction solar cells for thin film photovoltaics

Kyle H. Montgomery, Qiong Nian, Xin Zhao, Haoyu U. Li, Gary J. Cheng, Thomas N. Jackson, Jerry M. Woodall

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations


As a photovoltaic material, InP is nearly ideal for a single junction solar cell in terms of its band gap and absorption coefficient. However, its widespread use is limited due to the expense of substrates and depositing monocrystalline material over large areas. As a route towards reducing the cost, there is interest in examining polycrystalline III-Vs, where film thicknesses ∼1 um could be employed, assuming a reflective back surface. This work examines one aspect towards delivering high efficiency polycrystalline InP-based solar cells by focusing on the use of low-cost, earth-abundant ZnO as the emitter layer. Due to surface Fermi-level pinning in InP, ZnO is an ideal choice for this purpose. We have studied the effects of using aluminum-doped zinc oxide, as well as thin i-ZnO interlayers, deposited onto p-type InP substrates. So far, a maximum power conversion efficiency of 7.3% has been realized, which is a record for this type of heterojunction cell structure. We further discuss the impact of the i-ZnO interlayer on enhancing short wavelength response in the cell.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2014 IEEE 40th Photovoltaic Specialist Conference, PVSC 2014
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781479943982
StatePublished - Oct 15 2014
Externally publishedYes
Event40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialist Conference, PVSC 2014 - Denver, United States
Duration: Jun 8 2014Jun 13 2014

Publication series

Name2014 IEEE 40th Photovoltaic Specialist Conference, PVSC 2014


Other40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialist Conference, PVSC 2014
Country/TerritoryUnited States


  • indium phosphide
  • photovoltaic cells
  • solar energy
  • zinc compounds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials


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