Development of fabric constitutive behavior for use in modeling engine fan blade-out events

S. Bansal, Barzin Mobasher, Subramaniam Rajan, I. Vintilescu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


The development of a robust and reliable material model for fabrics used to prevent fan blade-out events in propulsion engines has significant importance in the design of fan-containment systems. Currently, Kevlar is the only fabric approved by the Federal Aviation Administration to be used in fan-containment systems. However, very little work has been done in building a mechanistic-based material behavior model, especially one that can be used to quantify the behavior of Kevlar when subjected to high-velocity projectiles. Experimental static and high strain rate tensile tests have been conducted at Arizona State University to obtain the material properties of Kevlar fabric. In this paper we discuss the development and verification of a constitutive model for dry fabrics for use in an explicit finite-element program. Results from laboratory tests such as tension tests including high-strain rate tests, picture frame shear tests, and friction tests yield most of the material properties needed to define a constitutive model. The material model is incorporated in the LS-DYNA commercial program as a user-defined subroutine. The validation of the model is carried out by numerically simulating actual ballistic tests conducted at NASA-GRC and fan blade out tests conducted at Honeywell Aerospace (Propulsion Engines).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)249-259
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Aerospace Engineering
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2009


  • Constitutive models
  • Fabrics
  • Finite element method
  • Strain rates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering


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