Development of a biorefinery optimized biofuel supply curve for the Western United States

Nathan Parker, Peter Tittmann, Quinn Hart, Richard Nelson, Ken Skog, Anneliese Schmidt, Edward Gray, Bryan Jenkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

117 Scopus citations


A resource assessment and biorefinery siting optimization model was developed and implemented to assess potential biofuel supply across the Western United States from agricultural, forest, urban, and energy crop biomass. Spatial information including feedstock resources, existing and potential refinery locations and a transportation network model is provided to a mixed integer-linear optimization model that determines the optimal locations, technology types and sizes of biorefineries to satisfy a maximum profit objective function applied across the biofuel supply and demand chain from site of feedstock production to the product fuel terminal. The resource basis includes preliminary considerations of crop and residue sustainability. Sensitivity analyses explore possible effects of policy and technology changes. At a target market price of 19.6 $ GJ-1, the model predicts a feasible production level of 610-1098 PJ, enough to supply up to 15% of current regional liquid transportation fuel demand.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1597-1607
Number of pages11
JournalBiomass and Bioenergy
Issue number11
StatePublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Biofuel
  • GIS
  • Optimization
  • Resource
  • Supply assessment
  • Supply chain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Waste Management and Disposal


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