Developing a Model to Address African Americans' Spiritual Needs During Hospitalization

David Hodge, Robin Bonifas, Fei Sun, Robert J. Wolosin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    2 Scopus citations


    Research suggests that African Americans are disproportionately likely to have their spiritual needs ignored in hospitals. To help address this disparity, the present study developed and tested a model for addressing the spiritual needs of hospitalized African Americans. Structural equation modeling was used with a sample of older African American inpatients (N = 2,217) consecutively discharged over a 12-month period from hospitals from four geographic regions. As hypothesized, addressing spiritual needs had a positive effect on overall satisfaction with service provision. The relationship between spiritual needs and satisfaction was fully mediated by five variables: nursing, the discharge process, physicians, visitors, and room quality.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)386-405
    Number of pages20
    JournalClinical Gerontologist
    Issue number4
    StatePublished - 2014


    • African Americans
    • hospitals
    • religion
    • spiritual needs
    • spirituality

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Social Psychology
    • Health(social science)
    • Clinical Psychology
    • Gerontology
    • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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