Determination of topographical radiation dose profiles using gel nanosensors

Karthik Pushpavanam, Sahil Inamdar, Subhadeep Dutta, Tomasz Bista, Thaddeus Sokolowski, Eric Boshoven, Stephen Sapareto, Kaushal Rege

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19 Scopus citations


Karthik Pushpavanam1, Sahil Inamdar1, Subhadeep Dutta2, Tomasz Bista3, Thaddeus Sokolowski3, Eric Boshoven4, Stephen Sapareto3, Kaushal Rege1* Despite the emergence of sophisticated technologies in treatment planning and administration, routine determination of delivered radiation doses remains a challenge due to limitations associated with conventional dosimeters. Here, we describe a gel-based nanosensor for the colorimetric detection and quantification of topographical radiation dose profiles in radiotherapy. Exposure to ionizing radiation results in the conversion of gold ions in the gel to gold nanoparticles, which render a visual change in color in the gel due to their plasmonic properties. The intensity of color formed in the gel was used as a quantitative reporter of ionizing radiation. The gel nanosensor was used to detect complex topographical dose patterns including those administered to an anthropomorphic phantom and live canine patients undergoing clinical radiotherapy. The ease of fabrication, operation, rapid readout, colorimetric detection, and relatively low cost illustrate the translational potential of this technology for topographical dose mapping in radiotherapy applications in the clinic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbereaaw8704
JournalScience Advances
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 15 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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