Determination of the appropriate representative elastic modulus for asphalt concrete

B. S. Underwood, Y. R. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


The National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) 1-37A mechanistic-empirical pavement design guide (MEPDG) utilises the dynamic modulus of asphalt concrete in a multilayered elastic analysis to determine the primary responses in asphalt pavements. The dynamic modulus depends on temperature and loading frequency. In the MEPDG, the pulse time is used to determine the loading frequency. This methodology has been under scrutiny due to the large modulus it estimates. This paper evaluates several approximation methods, including the current MEPDG analysis, for the calculation of stresses and strains in linear viscoelastic materials by comparing analysis results with the solutions from the exact linear viscoelastic analysis. Sources of the errors that result from various approximation methods are discussed. Also, an alternative method to that of the MEPDG is proposed for determining the appropriate representative elastic modulus of asphalt concrete.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-86
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Pavement Engineering
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2009


  • Asphalt mixtures
  • Dynamic modulus
  • Frequency
  • Linear viscoelasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials


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