Determinants of Brazil's ethanol sugar blend ratios

Andrew Schmitz, James L. Seale, Troy Schmitz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Brazil is the world's largest producer of sugarcane, the world's largest exporter of sugar, and the world's third largest consumer of sugar. Brazil produces sugarcane for human use and for anhydrous and hydrous alcohol, which are used mainly as a blend in domestically consumed gasoline. We demonstrate empirically that the blend ratio that sets the portion of anhydrous alcohol that is used in gas-powered vehicles is primarily dependent on Brazilian sugar production. However, because of technical constraints, any further expansion of the Brazilian sugar industry will in part have to be absorbed through ethanol exports.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)586-596
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Sugar Journal
Issue number1271
StatePublished - Nov 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science


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