Anomalous patterns are common phenomena in time series datasets. The presence of anomalous patterns in hydrological data may represent some anomalous hydrometeorological events that are significantly different from others and induce a bias in the decision-making process related to design, operation and management of water resources. Hence, it is necessary to extract those "anomalous" knowledge that can provide valuable and useful information for future hydrological analysis and forecasting from hydrological data. This paper focuses on the problem of detecting anomalous patterns from hydrological time series data, and proposes an effective and accurate anomalous pattern detection approach, TFSAX_wPST, which combines the advantages of the Trend Feature Symbolic Aggregate approximation (TFSAX) and weighted Probabilistic Suffix Tree (wPST). Experiments with different hydrological real-world time series are reported, and the results indicate that the proposed methods are fast and can correctly detect anomalous patterns for hydrological time series analysis, and thus promote the deep analysis and continuous utilization of hydrological time series data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1464
JournalWater (Switzerland)
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2020


  • Anomalous pattern detection
  • Hydrological time series
  • Variable markov model
  • Weighted probabilistic suffix tree

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Biochemistry
  • Aquatic Science
  • Water Science and Technology


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