Design, simulation, fabrication and testing of flexible bow-tie antennas

Ahmet Cemal Durgun, Constantine Balanis, Craig R. Birtcher, David Allee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

112 Scopus citations


Design, simulation, fabrication and measurement of two different novel flexible bow-tie antennas, a conventional and a modified bow-tie antenna with reduced metallization, are reported in this paper. The antennas are mounted on a flexible substrate fabricated at the Flexible Display Center (FDC) of Arizona State University (ASU). The substrate is heat stabilized polyethylene naphthalate (PEN) which allows the antennas to be flexible. The antennas are fed by a microstrip-to-coplanar feed network balun. The reduction of the metallization is based on the observation that the majority of the current density is confined towards the edges of the regular bow-tie antenna. Hence, the centers of the triangular parts of the conventional bow-tie antenna are removed without compromising significantly its performance. The return losses and radiation patterns of the antennas are simulated with HFSS and the results are compared with measurements, for bow-tie elements mounted on flat and curved surfaces. The comparisons show that there is an excellent agreement between the simulations and measurements for both cases. Furthermore, the radiation performance of the modified bow-tie antenna is verified, by simulations and measurements, to be very close to the conventional bow-tie.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5993500
Pages (from-to)4425-4435
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2011


  • Bow-tie antenna
  • broadband antenna
  • flexible antenna
  • heat stabilized PEN
  • microstrip-to-coplanar feed network balun

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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