Descriptive statistics

Jennifer L. Green, Sarah E. Manski, Timothy A. Hansen, Jennifer E. Broatch

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Scopus citations


Descriptive statistics are used to summarize and explore characteristics of data. In this entry, we provide an overview of commonly used descriptive statistics for categorical and numerical data and how they are interpreted in summaries and analyses. We also present a practical example of how descriptive statistics may be used and interpreted in an educational context.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of Education
Subtitle of host publicationFourth Edition
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9780128186299
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Categorical data
  • Correlation coefficient
  • Data distribution
  • Interquartile range
  • Kurtosis
  • Mean
  • Median
  • Numerical data
  • Percentile
  • Range
  • Skew
  • Standard deviation
  • Standardized score
  • Univariate data

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences


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