Demographic factors in adult smoking status: Mediating and moderating influences

Jennifer S. Rose, Laurie Chassin, Clark Presson, Steven J. Sherman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


In the current study mediators and moderators of demographic factors in smoking behavior were examined. Those with low education levels were more likely to smoke, believed less in the negative health effects of smoking, believed more in the positive psychological benefits of smoking, had lower value on a healthy lifestyle, and had more friends who smoked. Although all of these factors significantly mediated education effects on smoking, number of friends who smoke was the most powerful of these mediators. There were no gender differences in smoking rates. However, compared with men, smoking among women was more strongly related to perceived psychological benefits of smoking, number of friends who smoke, and health beliefs about smoking. Implications for targeting intervention at less educated individuals and women are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)28-37
Number of pages10
JournalPsychology of Addictive Behaviors
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 28 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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