Day-Ahead Operational Scheduling With Enhanced Flexible Ramping Product: Design and Analysis

Mohammad Ghaljehei, Mojdeh Khorsand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


New resource mix, e.g., renewable resources, are imposing operational complexities to modern power systems by intensifying uncertainty and variability in the system net load. This issue has motivated independent system operators (ISOs), e.g., California ISO (CAISO), to add flexible ramping products (FRPs) to their day-ahead (DA) market models. Such structural changes in the DA market formulation require further analyses and detailed design to ensure adequate operational flexibility, market efficiency, and reliability. This paper conducts a comprehensive study to: (a) augment existing DA market models with enhanced FRP design to schedule ramp capabilities that are more adaptive with respect to the real-time (RT) 15-min net load variability and uncertainty, and (b) design corresponding market payment policies that accurately reflect the value of the added flexibility through enhanced FRP design. The proposed FRP design can be implemented in present-day system operations with minimal disruption to existing DA market models. Performance of the proposed DA market model, which includes the enhanced FRP design, is compared against the DA market model with existing FRP design through a validation methodology based on RT unit commitment model. This validation methodology mimics fifteen-minute markets of CAISO. The proposed method is tested on an IEEE 118-bus test system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1842-1856
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 2022


  • Flexible ramping product
  • day-ahead market
  • ramping requirement
  • renewable energy sources

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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