Current trends in biomarker discovery and analysis tools for traumatic brain injury

Briana I. Martinez, Sarah Stabenfeldt

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


Traumatic brain injury (TBI) affects 1.7 million people in the United States each year, causing lifelong functional deficits in cognition and behavior. The complex pathophysiology of neural injury is a primary barrier to developing sensitive and specific diagnostic tools, which consequentially has a detrimental effect on treatment regimens. Biomarkers of other diseases (e.g. cancer) have provided critical insight into disease emergence and progression that lend to developing powerful clinical tools for intervention. Therefore, the biomarker discovery field has recently focused on TBI and made substantial advancements to characterize markers with promise of transforming TBI patient diagnostics and care. This review focuses on these key advances in neural injury biomarkers discovery, including novel approaches spanning from omics-based approaches to imaging and machine learning as well as the evolution of established techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number16
JournalJournal of Biological Engineering
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 19 2019


  • Biomarkers
  • Imaging
  • Machine learning
  • Omics
  • Phage display
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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