Culture, entrepreneurial orientation, and global competitiveness

Sang M. Lee, Suzanne J. Peterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

563 Scopus citations


Based on Lumpkin and Dess's conceptualization of entrepreneurial orientation (EO), this paper presents a cultural model of entrepreneurship. We propose that a society's propensity to generate autonomous, risk-taking, innovative, competitively aggressive and proactive entrepreneurs and firms will depend on its cultural foundation. The role of economic, political/legal, and social factors as moderators of the relationship between culture and entrepreneurial orientation (EO) are also considered. Overall, it is proposed that only those countries with specific cultural tendencies will engender a strong EO, hence experiencing more entrepreneurship and global competitiveness. Specific country examples are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)401-416
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of World Business
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Finance
  • Marketing


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