Cultural influences on positive father involvement in two-parent mexican-origin families

Rick A. Cruz, Kevin M. King, Keith F. Widaman, Janxin Leu, Ana Mari Cauce, Rand D. Conger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


A growing body of research documents the importance of positive father involvement in children's development. However, research on fathers in Latino families is sparse, and research contextualizing the father-child relationship within a cultural framework is needed. The present study examined how fathers' cultural practices and values predicted their fifth-grade children's report of positive father involvement in a sample of 450 two-parent Mexican-origin families. Predictors included Spanish- and English-language use, Mexican and American cultural values, and positive machismo (i.e., culturally related attitudes about the father's role within the family). Positive father involvement was measured by the child's report of his or her father's monitoring, educational involvement, and warmth. Latent variable regression analyses showed that fathers' machismo attitudes were positively related to children's report of positive father involvement and that this association was similar across boys and girls. The results of this study suggest an important association between fathers' cultural values about men's roles and responsibilities within a family and their children's perception of positive fathering.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)731-740
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Family Psychology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Cultural values
  • Father involvement
  • Machismo
  • Mexican American families

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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