Crystallization by particle attachment in synthetic, biogenic, and geologic environments

James J. De Yoreo, Pupa U.P.A. Gilbert, Nico A.J.M. Sommerdijk, R. Lee Penn, Stephen Whitelam, Derk Joester, Hengzhong Zhang, Jeffrey D. Rimer, Alexandra Navrotsky, Jillian F. Banfield, Adam F. Wallace, F. Marc Michel, Fiona C. Meldrum, Helmut Cölfen, Patricia M. Dove

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1361 Scopus citations


Field and laboratory observations show that crystals commonly form by the addition and attachment of particles that range from multi-ion complexes to fully formed nanoparticles. The particles involved in these nonclassical pathways to crystallization are diverse, in contrast to classical models that consider only the addition of monomeric chemical species. We review progress toward understanding crystal growth by particle-attachment processes and show that multiple pathways result from the interplay of free-energy landscapes and reaction dynamics. Much remains unknown about the fundamental aspects, particularly the relationships between solution structure, interfacial forces, and particle motion. Developing a predictive description that connects molecular details to ensemble behavior will require revisiting long-standing interpretations of crystal formation in synthetic systems, biominerals, and patterns of mineralization in natural environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberaaa6760
Issue number6247
StatePublished - Jul 31 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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