Crystallization behaviors of slags through a heat flux simulator

H. G. Ryu, Z. T. Zhang, J. W. Cho, G. H. Wen, S. Sridhar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

79 Scopus citations


This paper investigates how the basicity and alumina content in synthetic slags influence the crystallization behavior that takes place in a heat flux simulator for mold slags. The purpose is to elucidate the variation in crystallization behavior for model slags that are expected to be glassy, partly crystalline and fully crystalline in order to correlate the changes in heat flux to the dynamic solid evolution that occurs in the simulator. Three levels of alumina content (3, 15 and 25wt%) were chosen to investigate the heat transfer behavior through slag film which have different tendency of reaction with molten steel during continuous casting of high aluminum containing Transformation Induced Plasticity (TRIP) steels. A Confocal Scanning Laser Microscopy (CSLM) was used to develop TTT diagrams for the slags. XRD and SEM were also used to analyze the micro-structures of the crystalline phases. The measured heat fluxes through the mold slags tested were found to increase, as the crystallinity of the slag film decreased with decreasing basicity and alumina content. It was found that the crystallization temperature increased, while the incubation time for crystallization decreases with increasing basicity and alumina content. The increase in alumina content induced the precipitation of CaF2 during cooling process and hence a change in the crystalline phase from Ca 4Si2O7F2 to Ca2Al 2SiO7.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1142-1150
Number of pages9
JournalISIJ International
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Crystallization behavior
  • Heat flux
  • Mold slag
  • Trip steel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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