Cross-cultural small group research: A review, an analysis, and a theory

Robert Shuter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The small group research reported in the literature has been conducted predominantly with American subjects. Because these studies have primarily sampled only one culture, it was speculated that the findings may not be applicable to groups in other societies. After examining the available cross-national small group research, the investigator found that group behavior frequently varied from culture to culture, particularly with regard to leadership, conformity, network performance, and risky shift. In discussing cultural differences in group behavior, a value theory of small group development was posited. Essentially, the theory maintains that cultural values determine how a small group and its members behave. Research strategies for testing the theory are also examined in the article.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)90-104
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Intercultural Relations
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1977

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


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