The willingness of some females of the checkered white butterfly to approach and chase conspecifies was studied in the field. Both virgin and mated females were observed approaching and chasing conspecifics. Such responses to males result in the solicitation or continuation of male courtship attempts, which in turn may lead to copulation. Mated females that approached conspecifics had significantly smaller spermatophores than females in a random sample from the same population. Females that approached tethered animals spent more time chasing tethered males than tethered females. Females with small spermatophores spent more time chasing tethered males than did females with larger spermatophores. These results confirm the hypothesis that mated females that approach and chase conspecifics are doing so in an effort to solicit male courtship attempts and to potentially receive a fresh spermatophore. The selective forces favoring courtship solicitation by females are discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Animal Science and Zoology