Correlates of physical activity in persons with arthritis: Review and recommendations

Sara Wilcox, Cheryl Der Ananian, Patricia A. Sharpe, Jennifer Robbins, Theresa Brady

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Background: Physical activity (PA) is important for arthritis self-management. A better understanding of the PA correlates in persons with arthritis will help inform interventions. Methods: Computer searches were conducted on PubMed, PsychInfo, Current Contents, and Cinahl databases. Reference lists of extracted articles were also searched. Thirty-six studies published between 1976 and February 2004 met inclusion criteria. Results: PA correlates are presented for sociodemographic, psychological, health-related, social, and environmental categories. Self-efficacy, perceived benefits and barriers, mental well-being, prior PA, and pain received the most consistent support as PA correlates, whereas sociodemographic, social, and environmental variables were the least studied. Too few studies were conducted to allow comparisons across arthritis type or study design. Conclusions: We recommend that additional qualitative research be conducted to understand factors influencing PA in persons with arthritis. Prospective studies, particularly in the context of a PA program or intervention, would also be useful to better understand how barriers and enablers change over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)230-252
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Arthritis self-management
  • Environmental factors
  • Exercise
  • Psychological factors
  • Social factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Correlates of physical activity in persons with arthritis: Review and recommendations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this