Coordinated Wide-Area Control of Multiple Controllers in a Power System Embedded with HVDC Lines

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20 Scopus citations


This paper develops a coordinated wide-area control of power system stabilizers (PSSs), static VAr compensators (SVCs), and supplementary damping controllers (SDCs) for damping low frequency oscillations (LFOs) in a power system embedded with multiple high voltage DC (HVDC) lines. The improved damping is achieved by designing a coordinated wide-area damping controller (CWADC) that employs partial state feedback. The design methodology uses a linear matrix inequality (LMI)-based mixed $H_2/H_\infty$ robust control for multiple operating scenarios. To reduce the high computational burden, an enhanced version of selective modal analysis (SMA) is employed that not only reduces the number of required wide-area feedback signals, but also identifies alternate feedback signals, in case of failure of the primary signals. Additionally, the impact of delays on the performance of the control design is investigated. The studies are performed on a 29 machine, 127 bus equivalent model of the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) system-embedded with three HVDC lines and two wind farms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9166750
Pages (from-to)648-658
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2021


  • Coordinated wide-area damping controller (CWADC)
  • high voltage direct current (HVDC)
  • linear matrix inequality (LMI)
  • partial state feedback
  • phasor measurement unit (PMU)
  • polytopic control
  • selective modal analysis (SMA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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