Construction and initial validation of the Multiracial Experiences Measure (MEM)

Hyung Yoo, Kelly Jackson, Rudy Guevarra Jr, Matthew J. Miller, Blair Harrington

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


This article describes the development and validation of the Multiracial Experiences Measure (MEM): A new measure that assesses uniquely racialized risks and resiliencies experienced by individuals of mixed racial heritage. Across 2 studies, there was evidence for the validation of the 25-item MEM with 5 subscales including Shifting Expressions, Perceived Racial Ambiguity, Creating Third Space, Multicultural Engagement, and Multiracial Discrimination. The 5-subscale structure of the MEM was supported by a combination of exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. Evidence of criterion-related validity was partially supported with MEM subscales correlating with measures of racial diversity in one's social network, color-blind racial attitude, psychological distress, and identity conflict. Evidence of discriminant validity was supported with MEM subscales not correlating with impression management. Implications for future research and suggestions for utilization of the MEM in clinical practice with multiracial adults are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)198-209
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of counseling psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016


  • Measurement
  • Mixed race
  • Multiracial experiences
  • Risk and resilience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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