Constraints to Activity Participation in Early Adolescence

Wendy Hultsman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


This study examined why early adolescents do not become involved in, or drop out of, organized recreation activities in which they have an interest or had previously been involved. The subjects were 940 fifth through eighth graders in a large metropolitan area of a southwestern state. Early adolescent involvement in new activities was perceived to be constrained by parents denying permission to join, lack of skills, and lack of transportation. Loss of interest, dislike for leaders, moving, and feeling too old were perceived reasons for ceasing participation. Results also suggested that early adolescents perceive constraints somewhat differently than do adults. Opportunities should capitalize on circumstances crucial to early adolescent development. Activity providers should focus marketing efforts on constraints identified by this age group as well as extolling the benefits and satisfactions derived from activities, to provide a continuity of challenge and interests as individuals move through various life stages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)280-299
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Early Adolescence
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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