Constraints on the CMB temperature evolution using multiband measurements of the sunyaev-zel'dovich effect with the south pole telescope

A. Saro, J. Liu, J. J. Mohr, K. A. Aird, M. L.N. Ashby, M. Bayliss, B. A. Benson, L. E. Bleem, S. Bocquet, M. Brodwin, J. E. Carlstrom, C. L. Chang, I. Chiu, H. M. Cho, A. Clocchiatti, T. M. Crawford, A. T. Crites, T. de Haan, S. Desai, J. P. DietrichM. A. Dobbs, K. Dolag, J. P. Dudley, R. J. Foley, D. Gangkofner, E. M. George, M. D. Gladders, A. H. Gonzalez, N. W. Halverson, C. Hennig, J. Hlavacek-Larrondo, W. L. Holzapfel, J. D. Hrubes, C. Jones, R. Keisler, A. T. Lee, E. M. Leitch, M. Lueker, D. Luong-Van, A. Mantz, D. P. Marrone, M. McDonald, J. J. McMahon, J. Mehl, S. S. Meyer, L. Mocanu, T. E. Montroy, S. S. Murray, D. Nurgaliev, S. Padin, A. Patej, C. Pryke, C. L. Reichardt, A. Rest, J. Ruel, J. E. Ruhl, B. R. Saliwanchik, J. T. Sayre, K. K. Schaffer, E. Shirokoff, H. G. Spieler, B. Stalder, Z. Staniszewski, A. A. Stark, K. Story, A. van Engelen, K. Vanderlinde, J. D. Vieira, A. Vikhlinin, R. Williamson, O. Zahn, A. Zenteno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


The adiabatic evolution of the temperature of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) is a key prediction of standard cosmology. We study deviations from the expected adiabatic evolution of the CMB temperature of the form T(z) = T0(1 + z)1 - α using measurements of the spectrum of the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect with the South Pole Telescope (SPT). We present a method for using the ratio of the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich signal measured at 95 and 150 GHz in the SPT data to constrain the temperature of the CMB. We demonstrate that this approach provides unbiased results using mock observations of clusters from a new set of hydrodynamical simulations. We apply this method to a sample of 158 SPT-selected clusters, spanning the redshift range 0.05 < z < 1.35, and measure α=0.017+0.030-0.028, consistent with the standard model prediction of α = 0. In combination with other published results, we find α = 0.005 ± 0.012, an improvement of ~10 per cent over published constraints. This measurement also provides a strong constraint on the effective equation of state in models of decaying dark energy weff = -0.994 ± 0.010.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2610-2615
Number of pages6
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Cosmic background radiation
  • Cosmology: observations
  • Cosmology: theory
  • Galaxies: clusters: general
  • Submillimetre: general

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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