Constraining polarized foregrounds for eor experiments. i. 2d Power Spectra from the Paper-32 Imaging ArraY

S. A. Kohn, J. E. Aguirre, C. D. Nunhokee, G. Bernardi, J. C. Pober, Z. S. Ali, R. F. Bradley, C. L. Carilli, D. R. DeBoer, N. E. Gugliucci, Daniel Jacobs, P. Klima, D. H.E. Macmahon, J. R. Manley, D. F. Moore, A. R. Parsons, I. I. Stefan, W. P. Walbrugh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Current generation low-frequency interferometers constructed with the objective of detecting the high-redshift 21 cm background aim to generate power spectra of the brightness temperature contrast of neutral hydrogen in primordial intergalactic medium. Two-dimensional (2D) power spectra (power in Fourier modes parallel and perpendicular to the line of sight) that formed from interferometric visibilities have been shown to delineate a boundary between spectrally smooth foregrounds (known as the wedge) and spectrally structured 21 cm background emission (the EoR window). However, polarized foregrounds are known to possess spectral structure due to Faraday rotation, which can leak into the EoR window. In this work we create and analyze 2D power spectra from the PAPER-32 imaging array in Stokes I, Q, U, and V. These allow us to observe and diagnose systematic effects in our calibration at high signal-to-noise within the Fourier space most relevant to EoR experiments. We observe well-defined windows in the Stokes visibilities, with Stokes Q, U, and V power spectra sharing a similar wedge shape to that seen in Stokes I. With modest polarization calibration, we see no evidence that polarization calibration errors move power outside the wedge in any Stokes visibility to the noise levels attained. Deeper integrations will be required to confirm that this behavior persists to the depth required for EoR detection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number88
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016


  • Dark ages
  • First stars
  • Polarization
  • Reionization
  • Techniques: interferometric
  • cosmology: observations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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