Conducive macro-contexts influencing volunteering

Doug Baer, Lionel Prouteau, David Swindell, Aida Savicka, David H. Smith, Kuang Ting Tai

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

6 Scopus citations


This chapter reviews research on variables that affect rates of formal volunteering in various sets of territories (nations, provinces/states, counties/districts, communities), usually doing multilevel statistical modeling that simultaneously controls relevant, respondent-variables at the level of individuals. Most attention is given to country-level variables regarding macro-context effects. Results have been less consistent than at the individual level of analysis. At the country level, volunteering rates (referring hereinafter always to formal volunteering/FV) tend to be higher for nations with stronger current democracies, longer time as democracies, more welfare state expenditures per capita, higher and more Protestant religiosity, higher levels of average education, and higher gross domestic product (GDP) per capita. But being part of the Eastern (former communist) Bloc in Europe is a negative factor. In communities, often with inconsistent results, ethnic-racial heterogeneity has negative effects. Special methodological issues are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Palgrave Handbook of Volunteering, Civic Participation, and Nonprofit Associations
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Number of pages27
ISBN (Electronic)9781137263179
ISBN (Print)9781137263162
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences


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