Conceptualizing permatourism

Bruno S. Ferreira, Duarte B. Morais, Gene L. Brothers, Craig Brookins, Susan Jakes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Scopus citations


Permatourism is a holistic approach to the study and design of equitable tourism development strategies, which leverages adaptive complex systems thinking and permaculture design principles. Permatourism advocates for the symbiosis between the formal and informal sectors of the tourism system, through creating and nurturing meaningful, functional relations among multiple actors. The formal tourism sector must embrace the sociocultural characteristics of the host community and grassroots business development strategies must be pursued to align local microentrepreneurs with expected business opportunities generated by big tourism investments. This chapter provides an overview of the conceptual foundation of this new approach as well as examples illustrating its pertinence to destination stewardship.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBridging Tourism Theory and Practice
PublisherEmerald Group Holdings Ltd.
Number of pages15
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameBridging Tourism Theory and Practice
ISSN (Print)2042-1443
ISSN (Electronic)2042-1451


  • Destination management
  • Destination stewardship
  • Informal sector
  • Microentrepreneurship
  • Permaculture
  • Permatourism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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