Complex precipitates of tin-mcx in gcr15 bearing steel

Qianren Tian, Guocheng Wang, Xinghu Yuan, Qi Wang, Seetharaman Sridhar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Nitride and carbide are the second phases which play an important role in the performance of bearing steel, and their precipitation behavior is complicated. In this study, TiN-MCxprecipitations in GCr15 bearing steels were obtained by non-aqueous electrolysis, and their precipitation mechanisms were studied. TiN is the effective heterogeneous nucleation site for Fe7C3 and Fe3C; therefore, MCxcan precipitate on the surface of TiN easily. The chemistry component of MCx consists of M3C and M7C3 (M = Fe, Cr, Mn) and Cr3C2. TiN-MCx with high TiN volume fraction, TiN forms in early stage of solidification, and MCx precipitates on TiN surface after TiN engulfed by the solidification advancing front. TiN-MCx with low TiN volume fraction, TiN and MCx form in late stage of solidification, TiN can not grow sufficiently and is covered by numerous precipitated MCxparticles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number641
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Bearings
  • High carbon chromium bearing steel
  • Non-aqueous electrolysis
  • Precipitation
  • TiN-MCx

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Complex precipitates of tin-mcx in gcr15 bearing steel'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this