Comparison and evaluation of dietary quality between older and younger Mexican-American women

Giselle A P Pignotti, Sonia Vega-Lopez, Colleen Keller, Michael Belyea, Barbara Ainsworth, Allison Nagle Williams, Kathie Records, Dean Coonrod, Paska Permana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Objective To compare and evaluate the dietary quality of young and older sedentary Mexican-American women. Understanding key dietary concerns, while considering developmental transition periods and cultural relevance, can provide insight for developing appropriate nutrition interventions. Design Cross-sectional dietary data were collected using unannounced 24 h diet recalls to assess nutrient intake adequacy (Estimated Average Requirement cut-point method) and dietary quality (Healthy Eating Index (HEI) 2010). Setting Mujeres en Acción and Madres para la Salud, two community-based physical activity interventions. Subjects Participants were 139 young (28 (sd 6) years) and 124 older (55 (sd 7) years) overweight/obese sedentary Mexican-American women (BMI=25·0-35·0 kg/m2) of low socio-economic status. Results Older women consumed less Ca, Fe, folate, empty calories and energy from carbohydrate, but more fruit, vegetables, greens and beans, and fibre than younger women (all P<0·05). Over 60 % of all participants had an intake below recommendations for fibre, Ca, vitamin E, vitamin C and folate. Both groups had low total HEI-2010 scores (62 for older and 63 for younger women; NS), with 57 % of older and 48 % of younger women classified as having a poor diet. Conclusions Despite differences in nutrient requirements according to developmental transition periods (childbearing v. perimenopausal), overall, older and younger Mexican-American women generally had low-quality diets and may benefit from dietary quality improvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2615-2624
Number of pages10
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Issue number14
StatePublished - Jan 22 2015


  • Dietary quality
  • Healthy eating index
  • Mexican American
  • Nutrient adequacy
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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