Comparing hazard mitigation and climate change adaptation planning approaches

Melina Matos, Philip Gilbertson, Sierra Woodruff, Sara Meerow, Malini Roy, Bryce Hannibal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Cities are developing hazard mitigation plans (HMP) and climate change adaptation plans (CCAP) with the common aim of proactively reducing vulnerability to future hazards. Yet, they are often treated as distinct planning instruments. Some planning scholars have suggested that HMP and CCAP should be integrated since climate change impacts are increasing and communities have limited time and resources. But, it is unclear how synergistic these two planning approaches are in practice. Focusing on flooding as a key climate-related hazard, this study examines planning frameworks and helps to address this gap by exploring HMPs and CCAPs in three US cities at the forefront of flood resilience planning. We analyze the content of standalone HMPs and CCAPs in Boston, MA, and Seattle, WA, and a combined plan in Baltimore, MD to identify overlaps in practice and explore how, and to what extent, HMPs and CCAPs are synergistic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2922-2942
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Environmental Planning and Management
Issue number14
StatePublished - 2023


  • climate adaptation plan
  • hazard mitigation plan
  • plan integration
  • resilience
  • vulnerability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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