Comparing costs and emissions of northern New England space heating fuel options

Kailin M. Kroetz, Andrew J. Friedland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Practical considerations of the environmental and economic costs and pollutant emissions of different fuel choices are not always well-outlined in the literature and thus are not always considered or understood by consumers and planners. In this paper, we analyze data to compare various fuels used for heating in the northern New England region of the USA, an area heavily dependent on heating oil. Our results suggest that (1) current rural households using fossil fuels or electricity for heating could lower energy costs and contribute less fossil carbon dioxide to the atmosphere by switching to wood as a heat energy source and (2) in newly built rural schools and other comparable complexes, heating with woodchips can be more cost effective and less environmentally damaging than heating with fossil fuels or electricity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1359-1366
Number of pages8
JournalBiomass and Bioenergy
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Biomass
  • Energy costs
  • Fossil carbon
  • Fuel choices
  • Modern carbon
  • Space heating
  • Wood

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Waste Management and Disposal


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