Communications and High-Precision Positioning (CHP2): Hardware Architecture, Implementation, and Validation

Hanguang Yu, Andrew Herschfelt, Shunyao Wu, Sharanya Srinivas, Yang Li, Nunzio Sciammetta, Leslie Smith, Klaus Rueger, Hyunseok Lee, Chaitali Chakrabarti, Daniel W. Bliss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Spectral congestion and modern consumer applications motivate radio technologies that efficiently cooperate with nearby users and provide several services simultaneously. We designed and implemented a joint positioning-communications system that simultaneously enables network communications, timing synchronization, and localization to a variety of airborne and ground-based platforms. This Communications and High-Precision Positioning (CHP2) system simultaneously performs communications and precise ranging (<10 cm) with a narrow band waveform (10 MHz) at a carrier frequency of 915 MHz (US ISM) or 783 MHz (EU Licensed). The ranging capability may be extended to estimate the relative position and orientation by leveraging the spatial diversity of the multiple-input, multiple-output (MIMO) platforms. CHP2 also digitally synchronizes distributed platforms with sub-nanosecond precision without support from external systems (GNSS, GPS, etc.). This performance is enabled by leveraging precise time-of-arrival (ToA) estimation techniques, a network synchronization algorithm, and the intrinsic cooperation in the joint processing chain that executes these tasks simultaneously. In this manuscript, we describe the CHP2 system architecture, hardware implementation, and in-lab and over-the-air experimental validation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1343
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 2023


  • alternative positioning, navigation, and timing (APNT)
  • autonomous vehicles
  • communications, navigation, and surveillance (CNS)
  • distributed coherence
  • spectral convergence
  • two-way ranging
  • unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)
  • urban air mobility (UAM)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Information Systems
  • Instrumentation
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Biochemistry


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