The creation, dissemination, and consumption of disinformation and fabricated content on social media is a growing concern, especially with the ease of access to such sources, and the lack of awareness of the existence of such false information. In this article, we present an overview of the techniques explored to date for the combating of disinformation with various forms. We introduce different forms of disinformation, discuss factors related to the spread of disinformation, elaborate on the inherent challenges in detecting disinformation, and show some approaches to mitigating disinformation via education, research, and collaboration. Looking ahead, we present some promising future research directions on disinformation. This article is categorized under: Algorithmic Development > Multimedia Commercial, Legal, and Ethical Issues > Social Considerations Application Areas > Education and Learning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere1385
JournalWiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2020


  • disinformation
  • fake news
  • misinformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)


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