Collaborative Filtering With Network Representation Learning for Citation Recommendation

Wei Wang, Tao Tang, Feng Xia, Zhiguo Gong, Zhikui Chen, Huan Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Citation recommendation plays an important role in the context of scholarly big data, where finding relevant papers has become more difficult because of information overload. Applying traditional collaborative filtering (CF) to citation recommendation is challenging due to the cold start problem and the lack of paper ratings. To address these challenges, in this article, we propose a collaborative filtering with network representation learning framework for citation recommendation, namely CNCRec, which is a hybrid user-based CF considering both paper content and network topology. It aims at recommending citations in heterogeneous academic information networks. CNCRec creates the paper rating matrix based on attributed citation network representation learning, where the attributes are topics extracted from the paper text information. Meanwhile, the learned representations of attributed collaboration network is utilized to improve the selection of nearest neighbors. By harnessing the power of network representation learning, CNCRec is able to make full use of the whole citation network topology compared with previous context-aware network-based models. Extensive experiments on both DBLP and APS datasets show that the proposed method outperforms state-of-the-art methods in terms of precision, recall, and MRR (Mean Reciprocal Rank). Moreover, CNCRec can better solve the data sparsity problem compared with other CF-based baselines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1233-1246
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Big Data
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1 2022


  • Network representation learning
  • citation recommendation
  • collaborative filtering
  • scholarly big data

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems
  • Information Systems and Management


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