The treatment of cocaine abusers is a newly emerging discipline. Many of the strategies that are being developed for this purpose have been adapted from the drug and alcoholism treatment systems. These include use of established programs that are only minimally modified for cocaine abusers, such as the 28-day inpatient hospital, therapeutic community, and 12-step programs. Other approaches have created specific techniques to meet particular clinical needs of cocaine abusers, such as behavioral, pharmacologic, and nontraditional interventions. Finally, several attempts have been made to create integrated outpatient approaches that address the multiple needs of the cocaine abusers. Many of the clinical researchers conducting research on these modalities feel optimistic about the value of treatment for cocaine abusers. Many of the methods appear to have considerable promise. However, only recently have well-controlled research efforts begun to provide the information necessary for empirically based decision-making. During the next several years, outcome studies should provide an excellent set of data to guide treatment efforts. This paper reviews the treatment efforts that have been conducted, overviews the research data available, and describes some of the outcome research in progress.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Neuroscience
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Psychiatry and Mental health