Cobalt–Nitrogen Co-doped Carbon Nanotube Cathode Catalyst for Alkaline Membrane Fuel Cells

Ivar Kruusenberg, Dilip Ramani, Sander Ratso, Urmas Joost, Rando Saar, Protima Rauwel, Arunachala Mada Kannan, Kaido Tammeveski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations


A highly active state-of-the-art catalyst was synthesized by cobalt–nitrogen co-doping of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (Co/N/MWCNT) as non-precious metal catalyst using cobalt chloride and dicyandiamide by high-temperature treatment. A range of physicochemical characterization methods were used to observe the surface structure and composition of the synthesized electrocatalyst material. The kinetics of the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) on this catalyst material was studied in 0.1 m KOH solution by using the rotating-disk electrode method. The Co/N/MWCNT catalyst showed excellent electrocatalytic activity for ORR in alkaline media. In addition, the performance of the catalyst in a fuel cell was evaluated by fabricating membrane electrode assemblies employing a Tokuyama® anion exchange membrane (AEM), with hydrogen and oxygen gases at various temperatures. AEM fuel cell with Co/N/MWCNT cathode catalyst exhibited a power density of 115 mW cm−2 with H2/O2 gases (100 % RH) at ambient pressure at 50 °C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1455-1465
Number of pages11
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016


  • electrocatalysis
  • energy conversion
  • fuel cells
  • membranes
  • oxygen reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Electrochemistry


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