City profile: Pune, India

Rashmi Krishnamurthy, Rajeev Mishra, Kevin C. Desouza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Cities around the globe are urbanizing at a fast rate and are facing the critical challenges of managing economic development and inclusive growth. This scenario is particularly troublesome in developing countries where secondary cities are growing at an unprecedented rate but lack the institutional capacity to manage urbanization. Secondary cities are tier II cities below primary cities in the urban hierarchy. To examine the unique challenges and opportunities facing secondary cities, we trace Pune's urban growth. Pune is the second largest city in the state of Maharashtra, India and is emerging as an industrial and educational hub. The presence of large industrial and educational sectors has resulted in massive urban population growth, including a large migrant population from rural areas. This massive growth is straining Pune's critical infrastructures. First, we trace Pune's urban history in terms of social, economic, administrative, and environmental planning and development. Second, we examine key urban challenges faced by the city. We find that while the city of Pune is moving towards becoming a megacity, it still has a chance to change its trajectory to become one that is more sustainable, equitable, and just. However, to evolve into a sustainable and equitable city, Pune's urban planners need to pay careful attention to several urbanization issues. This profile offers insights regarding the unique challenges faced by secondary cities in developing countries and discusses policy implications to transform secondary cities into catalysts for economic growth and development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)98-109
Number of pages12
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016


  • Inclusive growth
  • Migration
  • Pune
  • Pune Municipal Corporation
  • Secondary city
  • Urban development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Urban Studies
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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