Citizens and captives: Depictions of the “conquered” in the Roman Empire

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This article examines constructions of Roman citizenship in Roman state art, arguing that beginning in the late republic a broader concept of citizenship was prevalent—one rooted largely in shared culture and defined in opposition to a “barbarian” other. From this reading of state art, two arguments emerge: First, the emphasis on enculturation created an ever-moving line between Roman and barbarian. Second, the subject position created subjected both the Roman viewer and non-Roman subject. The article then turns to a reading of Greek orator Aristides’s Regarding Rome to show that the concept of citizenship stressed in state art is clearly present, though not necessarily well received.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-161
Number of pages15
JournalAdvances in the History of Rhetoric
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Communication
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Literature and Literary Theory


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