Cigarette advertising and promotional strategies in retail outlets: Results of a statewide survey in California

Ellen C. Feighery, Kurt M. Ribisl, Nina Schleicher, E. Lee Rebecca, Sonia Halvorson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

77 Scopus citations


Objective - To examine the extent and types of cigarette advertising materials in stores and to assess tobacco company compliance with the 1998 Master Settlement Agreement (MSA). Design - A cross-sectional analysis of a random sample of 586 stores that sold cigarettes. Setting - US state of California. Main outcome measures - Trained data collectors classified cigarette advertising materials by type (signs, displays, functional items), location (interior or exterior), and placement (below 3 feet (1 m) or near candy). Results - California retail outlets featured 17.2 (SD 16.1) tobacco advertising materials on average, and 94% of stores featured at least some advertising. About 85% of these were within 4 feet (1.3 m) of the counter. About 50% of the stores had ads at or below 3 feet, and 23% had cigarette product displays next to candy. In violation of the MSA, 3% of stores featured signs with cartoons and 11% had large exterior signs. Conclusions - Tobacco companies are aggressively using stores to market cigarettes. Moreover, the spirit of the MSA - to protect children from cigarette advertising - has not been realised. Future studies should monitor industry use of this venue and assess the impact of exposure to cigarette advertising materials in stores on adult smokers and youth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)184-188
Number of pages5
JournalTobacco Control
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Advertising
  • Point-of-sale advertising
  • Tobacco industry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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