Characterization of extracellular vesicles produced by Aspergillus fumigatus protoplasts

Juliana Rizzo, Thibault Chaze, Kildare Miranda, Robert W. Roberson, Olivier Gorgette, Leonardo Nimrichter, Mariette Matondo, Jean Paul Latgé, Anne Beauvais, Marcio L. Rodrigues

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are membranous compartments produced by yeast and mycelial forms of several fungal species. One of the difficulties in perceiving the role of EVs during the fungal life, and particularly in cell wall biogenesis, is caused by the presence of a thick cell wall. One alternative to have better access to these vesicles is to use protoplasts. This approach has been investigated here with Aspergillus fumigatus, one of the most common opportunistic fungal pathogens worldwide. Analysis of regenerating protoplasts by scanning electron microscopy and fluorescence microscopy indicated the occurrence of outer membrane projections in association with surface components and the release of particles with properties resembling those of fungal EVs. EVs in culture supernatants were characterized by transmission electron microscopy and nanoparticle tracking analysis. Proteomic and glycome analysis of EVs revealed the presence of a complex array of enzymes related to lipid/sugar metabolism, pathogenic processes, and cell wall biosynthesis. Our data indicate that (i) EV production is a common feature of different morphological stages of this major fungal pathogen and (ii) protoplastic EVs are promising tools for undertaking studies of vesicle functions in fungal cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere00476
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2020


  • Aspergillus
  • Aspergillus fumigatus
  • Conidia
  • Extracellular vesicles
  • Protoplasts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology


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