CEO charismatic leadership: Levels-of-management and levels-of-analysis effects

David Waldman, Francis J. Yammarino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

410 Scopus citations


We present a model of CEO charismatic leadership in organizations and show how such leadership can, through levels of management and analysis, impact organizational performance. We integrate levels issues relevant to the conceptualization of theoretical constructs and their relationships, measurement, and echelons, and develop the concept of close versus distant leadership as a means of understanding the dynamics of CEO leadership. We also include a consideration of possible alternative levels of analysis at which the constructs in our model may be operating.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)266-285
Number of pages20
JournalAcademy of Management Review
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Business, Management and Accounting
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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