Cardiolipin signaling mechanisms: Collapse of asymmetry and oxidation

Valerian E. Kagan, Yulia Y. Tyurina, Vladimir A. Tyurin, Dariush Mohammadyani, Jose Pedro Friedmann Angeli, Sergei V. Baranov, Judith Klein-Seetharaman, Robert M. Friedlander, Rama K. Mallampalli, Marcus Conrad, Hülya Bayir

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


Significance: An ancient anionic phospholipid, cardiolipin (CL), ubiquitously present in prokaryotic and eukaryotic membranes, is essential for several structural and functional purposes. Recent Advances: The emerging role of CLs in signaling has become the focus of many studies. Critical Issues: In this work, we describe two major pathways through which mitochondrial CLs may fulfill the signaling functions via utilization of their (i) asymmetric distribution across membranes and translocations, leading to the surface externalization and (ii) ability to undergo oxidation reactions to yield the signature products recognizable by the executionary machinery of cells. Future Directions: We present a concept that CLs and their oxidation/hydrolysis products constitute a rich communication language utilized by mitochondria of eukaryotic cells for diversified regulation of cell physiology and metabolism as well as for inter-cellular interactions. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 22, 1667-1680.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1667-1680
Number of pages14
JournalAntioxidants and Redox Signaling
Issue number18
StatePublished - Jun 20 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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