Can hydrogen be the sustainable fuel for mobility in India in the global context?

Arunkumar Jayakumar, Dinesh Kumar Madheswaran, A. M. Kannan, Ullashvaran Sureshvaran, Jayanth Sathish

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


This article provides a critical assessment of H2 from the standpoint of more widespread use as a sustainable fuel for Indian mobility applications in the global context. The potential techno-economic advantages of utilizing H2 for automobiles rather than battery electric vehicles or conventional internal combustion engine vehicles are emphasized. The present assessment demonstrates that H2 production, storage, and distribution costs are the primary challenges, and a significant improvement is still necessary for H2 to compete either against the internal combustion engine vehicle or the battery electric vehicle to win the race, arguably. The secondary challenges have also been demonstrated, which include the cost of the fuel cell stack and the modifications associated with internal combustion engine vehicles, as well as regulatory and safety concerns, which impede the widespread usage of H2. It is critical that policy-making for sustainable mobility in India is possible with the aid of a National H2 Energy Road-Map. This in turn can achieve a cost target of $0.5/kg for H2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33571-33596
Number of pages26
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number79
StatePublished - Sep 15 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Battery electric vehicles
  • Energy economy
  • Fuel cell electric vehicles
  • H Fuel
  • National H Energy Road-Map
  • SDG-7

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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