Buss–Perry Aggression Questionnaire: Testing Alternative Measurement Models With Assaultive Misdemeanor Offenders

John M. Gallagher, Jose Ashford

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    21 Scopus citations


    The Buss–Perry Aggression Questionnaire (BP-AQ) is a 29-item, four-factor instrument that measures physical aggression, verbal aggression, anger, and hostility. A large number of competing versions of the original BP-AQ have been proffered in the literature, but testing with aggressive offenders is limited. The present study used confirmatory factor analysis to compare the fit of seven models with a sample of 246 men and women who pled guilty to misdemeanor aggressive offenses. The study found two similar parsimonious 12-item versions of the four-factor BP-AQ that outperformed the other models and fit the data well while retaining acceptable reliability. Taken together, superior psychometric properties, acceptable reliability, and reduced item-burden are properties that clearly support the usage of either of these 12-item versions. The relative merits of these shorter versions of the BP-AQ are examined and implications for their use in applied contexts and further research are considered.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1639-1652
    Number of pages14
    JournalCriminal Justice and Behavior
    Issue number11
    StatePublished - Nov 1 2016


    • aggression
    • assaultive offenders
    • Buss–Perry Aggression Questionnaire
    • confirmatory factor analysis
    • measurement
    • misdemeanor offenders

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
    • Psychology(all)
    • Law


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