Biology and technology for photochemical fuel production

Michael Hambourger, Gary Moore, David M. Kramer, Devens Gust, Ana Moore, Thomas Moore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

228 Scopus citations


Sunlight is the ultimate energy source for the vast majority of life on Earth, and organisms have evolved elegant machinery for energy capture and utilization. Solar energy, whether converted to wind, rain, biomass or fossil fuels, is also the primary energy source for human-engineered energy transduction systems. This tutorial review draws parallels between biological and technological energy systems. Aspects of biology that might be advantageously incorporated into emerging technologies are highlighted, as well as ways in which technology might improve upon the principles found in biological systems. Emphasis is placed upon artificial photosynthesis, as well as the use of protonmotive force in biology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-35
Number of pages11
JournalChemical Society Reviews
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 16 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)


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