Bid-ask spreads in the interbank foreign exchange markets

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

116 Scopus citations


This study provides evidence on quotations and bid-ask spreads in the wholesale foreign exchange market, and introduces a method to document variation in the placement of quotes relative to asset value. I find that spreads widen with proxies for inventory-carrying costs, including forecasts of price risk and a measure of liquidity costs. Increases in spreads before nontrading periods can also be attributed to inventory costs. The location of currency quotes in relation to value is not constant, and the outcome of hypothesis tests regarding changes in currency value can be sensitive to allowances for variation in quote location.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)317-348
Number of pages32
JournalJournal of Financial Economics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1994


  • Bid-ask spreads
  • Currency markets
  • Inventory control
  • Inventory costs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Accounting
  • Finance
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Strategy and Management


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