Behavioral and sociometric methods of identifying cooperators, competitors, and individualists: Support for the validity of the social orientation construct

George P. Knight

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


Cooperative, competitive, and individualistic social orientation of 132 4th-6th graders was assessed using a behavioral choice point and a sociometric measure. The classifications based on responses to the 2 measures are consistently related, and results are interpreted in terms of the convergent validity of the social orientation construct. (8 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)430-433
Number of pages4
JournalDevelopmental psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 1981


  • cooperative vs competitive vs individualistic social orientation as measured by behavioral &
  • sociometric methods, 4th-6th graders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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